A Guide On How To Change Car Tyre.
If you own a car, you should always be prepared to do some basic repairs in case the vehicle breaks down in places where you cannot access an auto shop. One of the simplest thing that you should know how to do is to change a car tyre. Flat tyres can never be avoided, and you do not wish them to keep you stranded for a whole day just because you do not know how to do it. Changing a tyre is a straightforward thing, and we are going to give a detailed guide on how to change a car tyre and all the necessary information you need to have when going about it.
What You Need.
Before we go into the details of how to change a car tyre, you should ensure that you have all the essentials on your car at all times. You will need some tools when changing the tyre an missing one or two can make it impossible to do it. Some of these tools are mandatory while others are good for your safety and you could still improvise and make use of other things to ensure that you are not facing any risk when changing the wheel. Here are some of the things you will need;
• The wheel jack.
• Locking nut key.
• Spare wheel.
• Wheel Chocks.
• Reflective jacket.
The wheel jack is a mandatory piece of equipment, and it is used to lift the car’s body and allow you to remove the flat wheel and put the spare wheel. You cannot be able to do this with the weight of the car applied to the wheels. Most of the vehicles have a locking nut that prevents people from stealing your tyres, and you need to unlock the locking nut before you can proceed and remove the tyre. The wheel chocks are not very important as they can be improvised using a sizeable stone. These are used to prevent the car from moving, and they are placed behind the other tyres. Since you will have to get dirty when changing your wheels, you might want to have a pair of gloves to protect your hands. A reflective jacket is crucial for notifying other road users of your presence around the car especially if you get a flat tyre on the highway and do not want to face the risk of being knocked down by oncoming traffic.
It is essential to be aware of somethings before you proceed to change your flat tyre so that you do not jeopardize your safety. First, ensure that your spare wheel is always ready for use. It is very terrible getting a flat tyre and then realizing that your spare wheel is flat or withered. When you visit an auto shop for any repair, make a point of having the people there check your spare wheel and its air pressure. It is something that will only take a few minutes, but it can save you a lot of money and time when disaster hits.
The equipment that you will need to change your tyre has been highlighted above and make sure that you have them in your car at all times. The most important ones are the jack and wheel wrench, and if you miss them, you won’t be able to change your car tyre. Being prepared for these situations is the best thing you can do, and it does not hurt to include other accessories such as a flashlight, some wet wipes and a raincoat that will make you ready for the repair regardless of the time and weather. If you know how to change car tyre but do not have the tools, you cannot do it successfully.
The other point of concern is that you should not change your wheel on the motorway. Once you realize that you have a flat tyre, veer off the road and stay as far away as you could from moving traffic. Some people have sight problems and might ram into your stationery car and put you at risk. Lastly, be careful when changing your tyre and try to do it slowly and gently especially when it comes to the part where you have to lift it using the jack. If the jack trips and falls while the weight of the car is rested on it, it can damage your car and injure you as well.
Step By Step Guide To Changing A Tyre.
1. Inspect the Ground.
When you are driving and realize your tyre is flat, pull over to a place where the ground is flat and firm. Your jack supports a lot of weight, and it should always lie in a hard and firm ground. It does not hurt to drive a few meters on the flat tyre just to find a perfect ground as it can make the whole process faster. If you find yourself in an area with soft soil, consider finding a panel of wood with a larger surface area where you can rest the jack and prevent it from sinking into the earth.
2. Safety Measures.
If your car has a flat tyre, you should always alert any oncoming traffic or passers-by so that they can keep the safe distance. Put on your hazard lights and put your warning triangle some few meters ahead and behind the car to give you enough space to go about your activities. If you are not familiar with the car and have never changed its tyres before, consider checking for some information on the manual since you cannot afford to get it wrong. Some cars are very complicated, and you might find it hard to locate the jack and wheel brace.
3. Loosen the Nuts.
Before you lift the car using the jack, you will need to loosen the nuts holding the tyre in place. This is because loosening them while the vehicle is still resting on the wheels will make them firm and easier to loosen since the wheel won’t spin. Keep in mind that you should only loosen the nuts but do not remove them yet. If the tyre has been intact for a long time, these nuts might be very tight and you may need to apply your entyre bodyweight on them. The best thing to do is to angle the wrench so that you can apply the pressure using your foot.
4. Raise The Car.
You can now jack the car but you may be required to get everything ready before placing the jack in position. This is because a car is very unstable while and you do not want to interfere with it once it is in the air. The manual will tell you where to secure the jack and after you have it, extend it until its well under the car’s underside. Start winding it up slowly and stop when the punctured wheel is about six centimetres above the ground. You do not need to wind it up all the way, and it depends on the car’s clearance off the ground. Do not put any part of your body under the car at this point as a jack cannot be trusted fully.
5. Take The Wheel Off And Fix The Spare.
Proceed and remove the loosened nuts and take the flat tyre off as well. This should be easy to do and put the nuts in a safe place since you do not want to lose any of them. Take your spare wheel and fit it into place. If you have a big vehicle, you may be forced to apply more energy as the wheel might be heavy. Locate the wheel centrally and ensure that all the holes fit into the right position. Once the wheel is in, you may start fitting the nuts one by one so that they can hold it in place. Proceed and tighten all the bolts after the wheel is in place using your hands. Remember that you will have to lower the jack to secure them fully using a wrench and they need to be well placed.
6. Lower The jack.
You can now lower the jack and let the spare wheel rest on the ground. Do it carefully and gently so that the jack does not trip. After the weight of the car is safely rested on the wheels, use a wheel wrench to tighten the nuts. Ensure they are as tight as possible and use your body weight to ascertain this if possible.
Clean up the place and put everything back where they were. Wipe your hands and stow the flat tyre back to where the spare wheel was. Do not let the flat tyre stay in your boot in that condition for long and make sure that you have it repaired as soon as possible. If your spare wheel is a space saver version, keep in mind that it cannot go very fast on them. Most of them have limited speed limits, and you may need to visit an auto shop and have your flat tyre repaired and fixed back before you can enjoy your regular speeds. However, if the spare wheel is identical to all the other wheels, you can safely drive on it and let the other wheel act as the spare till you have to change another tyre. All the details explaining how to change car tyre have been outlined and you should not let a flat wheel get you stranded anywhere.